Bachelor of Science in Environmental Management

Bachelor of Science in Environmental Management

The establishment of the Department of Environmental Science and Technology at SouthEasternUniversityCollege is part of the fulfillment of making the institution’s legal mandate on prioritization of environmental management academic programmes. The Department is mandated to prepare programmes of study geared towards the rational management and exploitation of natural resources and the environment for sustainable development with emphasis on contemporary national, regional and global environmental issues and concerns.The world is currently in a crisis in dealing with environmental problems like global warming and climate change, deforestation, soil degradation, ozone depletion, waste disposal, air and water pollution.
Design and implementation of solutions to current issues of global environmentalconcern requires both specialists and well trained managers capable of working within, between and across disciplines. This programme provides the necessary multidisciplinary training and is relevant to those concerned with the management of natural resources and the formulation and implementation of policies that create environmental improvements at local, national and international levels, and in community, corporate and government organisations. The programme is also designed to produce graduates who are both professionally competent and marketable and who should be capable of conducting further in-depth studies and/or research work at the same time appreciating the exigencies of the interactive physical, chemical, and biological processes in the environment.

1.1    Justification
Graduates may gain employment in an ever expanding range of areas including national parks, protected areas management, environmental protection, environmental impact assessment and monitoring, environmental education and interpretation, sustainable forestry, fisheries management, aquaculture, ecotourism and land/ river/ coast programmes. The private sector and all tiers of government employ graduates of this course as environmental managers. Specifically, this course will train professional environmental managers with a multi-disciplinary foundation to work in the national environmental agencies like National Environment Management Authority (NEMA), Water Resources Management Authority (WARMA), Kenya Forest Service (KFS), and Kenya Wildlife Service among others. They will also have capacity in working in international organisations like World Agro-forestry Centre, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), World Bank’s Division of Environment, UN-Habitat, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) World Health Organisation (WHO) and all other UN agencies engaged in environmental related programmes and activities. The graduates will also provide their services to local environmental NGOs.

1.2 Programme objectives
The general objective of the B.Sc. in Environmental Management degree is to produce specialized environmental graduates with strong foundations in the management of the environment, and are capable of employment in public and private sectors locally, regionally and internationally by focusing on building a scientific knowledge and practical skills in land, water, flora and fauna management.

The specific objectives are to:
(a)    Train and produce graduates with firm academic knowledge in environmental management
(b)    Create awareness of, and concern for the environment, natural resources and impact on livelihoods;
(c)    Develop concepts and skills for assessing and resolving environmental issues, questions and problems;
(d)    Promote participation in practical environmental activities with a view to enhancing local environmental quality and communities’ quality of life.

2 ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS
The candidate must satisfy the minimum university entry requirements.

2.1 KCSE Candidates
In addition to satisfying the above University requirement candidates should posses passes at C+ or above in Biology or Biological sciences and a minimum of a C (plain) in Chemistry and in either Mathematics/Geography/Physics/Physical sciences.

Candidates who satisfy the minimum university entry requirements but have a C (minus) in Biology or in Biological Sciences shall be eligible for admission after taking and passing bridging courses in these subjects offered by the University of Nairobi.

2.2    Other Candidates
Admission to the degree course may also be granted to the following candidates:
(a)    Holders of KACE or equivalent with minimum 2 principals passes, one in Biology and the other in either Chemistry, Geography, physics or Mathematics.
(b)    Holders of Diploma in Environmental Science or related equivalent from an institution recognized by senate and with passes at credit or distinction. Candidates with a pass with two years or more relevant working experience.
(c)    Holders of a Higher National Diploma or equivalent in Environmental Science or Biological Sciences and other related field from an institution recognized by senate.
(d)    Holders of a Degree in Biological Sciences or related fields from a University recognized by senate.

3 TRANSFER OF CREDITS AND EXEMPTIONS
3.1. Credit Transfer
Candidates from other universities recognized by the University of Nairobi senate will be considered for credit transfer based on course unit content relevance and equivalence. The transfer of credits shall not be more than a third (1/3) of the total prescribed credits and/or course units required for the award of B.Sc. Environmental Management.

3.2. Exemptions
Senate may exempt students from some courses on recommendation of the Faculty Board provided that:
(a)    Such candidates had taken those courses in a recognized University or equivalent institution and had achieved a pass grade.
(b)    Candidates seeking such exemptions submit a duly completed senate approved form specifying the courses for which exemption is desired and attach evidence of 3.2 (a) above, showing contents of what was studied.
(c)    Course units recommended for exemption should not exceed 1/3 of the total units in the degree programme.
(d)    A non-refundable course exemption fee as determined by the University of Nairobi be paid with each application for exemption.



4 COURSE STRUCTURE AND DURATION
The programme will be offered under two modules, full time (module I) and through Open Distance Learning (ODL) (Module III) for students who cannot attend regular university programme.
6.    Full time
4.1    The teaching period for the degree programme shall extend over a period of not less than four academic years. Each academic year shall consist of two semesters of 15 weeks of teaching andexaminations.
4.2    A candidate enrolled for the degree shall satisfactorily complete the programme in a period of not more than twice the minimum period for which he/she was registered for the degree
4.3    A candidate shall participate and complete course work and practical assignments as prescribed. Admission to the examination at the end of the semester shall be based on satisfactory completion of such requirements.
4.4    Each student shall be required to undertake satisfactory field attachment of eight (8) weeks as stipulated in the Course structure. During the field practice, students are expected to embark on a research project, which they have to complete and present at a seminar during the fourth year of study.

7.    Open Distance Learning
The delivery mode of these programmes will be use of open distance education learning modes involving the use of various media (multi-media modes of learning) and largely home based.

5 EXAMINATION REGULATIONS
The conduct of examinations shall be governed by the following regulations:
5.1    No candidate shall be permitted to take an examination unless he/she has satisfactorily attended two thirds of the prescribed course of study.
5.2    For purposes of these regulations, field practice (Attachment) shall be deemed to be part of the fourth year.
5.3    All examination procedures shall be governed by the following:
(a)     Each course examination shall be graded out of a total of 100%. The pass mark in each
 course examination shall be 40% and graded as follows:-
70        -    100%         =    A
60        -    69%        =    B
50        -    59%        =    C
40        -    49%        =    D
39% and below            =    FAIL
(b) Written examination in each course shall be by a 1 x 2 hour paper and shall constitute
70%. The Continuous Assessment Tests (CATs) shall constitute the remaining 30% which shall be divided as follows: - written CATs /term papers 20% and practical /field trip reports 10%.
      (c) Field Practice/Attachment shall be examined by oral examination and written reports. The grades shall be used in the degree classification. Evaluation of the students’ performance while in the field shall constitute field assessment 30%, written reports 40% and oral presentations 30%.
(d)     The Research Projects shall be examined through written reports and presentations, and shall be graded to use in the degree classification. The seminars and project proposal shall constitute 30%, the special project report shall constitute 60% and the oral presentation shall constitute 10%.
(e)    A candidate who fails to attain the pass mark in five or six course units taken in any academic year shall be required to repeat the academic year of study. Candidates who repeat the year shall sit examinations in failed courses only. Candidates shall have the option to repeat the year externally, whereby they sit CATs and final examination in the failed courses without attending classes.
(f)    A candidate whofails to attain the pass mark in seven or more of the course units taken in any year shall on recommendation of the School Board and approval by Senate be discontinued from the degree programme.
(g) A Candidate who repeats the year externally shall be required to pay examination and   any other fees that the University may deem applicable. A candidateis required to attend classes in the failed courses and shall be required to pay the required tuition fees for the failed course units, examination fees, and any other necessary charges as may be determined by the University.
 (h) A repeating candidate who fails to attain the pass mark in any of the failed courses shall, on recommendation of the School Board and approval by Senate, be discontinued from the degree programme.
(i)     In any year, a candidate who fails to attain the pass mark in four course units or less may on recommendation of the School Board and approval by Senate be allowed to sit supplementary examinations in the failed courses within three months after official release of results.
      (j)  Supplementary examinations shall be marked out of 100% but the pass grade shall be recorded as 40%.
(k)    A candidate who fails to attain the pass mark in a supplementary examination shall on recommendation of the School Board and approval by Senate be allowed to do a second supplementary examination, ONCE ONLY as long as the total of such examinations does not exceed four in number during any one sitting for that particular year.
(l) A candidate who fails a supplementary on a second attempt according to regulation 5.3 (l) shall on recommendation of the School Board and approval by Senate be discontinued from the degree programme.
(m) No candidate shall be allowed to repeat any year of study more than once.
5.4. The final degree of B.Sc. Environmental Management shall be:
(a)    Awarded to candidates who have completed and passed examinations in all courses of study including Field Practice/Attachment.
(b)    Based on the average score of all examinations of courses taken in the entire course duration.
(c)    Classified into First Class Honours, Second Class Honours (Upper or Lower) Division and Pass, provided that in order to qualify for the award of Honours Degree, a candidate shall not have repeated any of the years of study on academic grounds.

5.5    In arriving at the decision as to the degree classification for each candidate, the Faculty Board of Examiners shall have to pay regard to the overall marks obtained by the candidate and shall apply the principle that a mean score of:
70 - 100% - First Class Honours
60 - 69% - Second Class Honours (Upper Division)
50 - 59% - Second Class Honours (Lower Division)
40 - 49% - Pass.

6 STUDY INTERMISSION
A student may intermit studies at any time, for good cause conveyed in writing to the Academic Registrar, and may resume later after duly notifying the Academic Registrar. During the entire period of intermission the student shall be required to keep his/her registration current by paying the prescribed registration charges.

7 PROGRAM STRUCTURE

Year I Semester I

CODE

Course Title

 

LECTURE

PRACTICAL

Total Hours

ESM 101

Introduction to Environmental Management

30

15

45

ESM 102

Ecosystem Structure and Functions

30

15

45

ESM 103

Physics of the Environment

30

15

45

ESM 104

Chemistry of the Environment

30

15

45

CCS 001

Communication Skills

45

0

45

CCS 010

HIV and AIDS

45

0

45

 

Year 1 Semester II

CODE

Course Title

 

LECTURE

PRACTICAL

Total Hours

CCS 009

Elements of Economic

45

0

45

ESM 105

Renewable and Non-Renewable Resources Management

30

15

45

DAS 107

General zoology

30

15

45

ESM 106

Plant Community, Ecology and Conservation

30

15

45

ESM 107

Environmental Health and Safety

30

15

45

SCI 112

Introduction to Computer Systems

30

15

45

Year II Semester I

CODE

Course Title

 

LECTURE

PRACTICAL

Total Hours

ESM 201

Sustainable Settlements Planning and Management

45

0

45

ESM 202

Properties, Ecology and Conservation of Soils

30

15

45

ESM 203

Introduction to Environmental Economics

45

0

45

ESM 204

Fresh Water Ecology and Conservation Technology

30

15

 

45

BCH 200

Statistics I

30

15

45

ESM 205

Culture, Religion and Environmental Conservation

45

 

0

45

 

Year II Semester II

CODE

Course Title

 

LECTURE

PRACTICAL

Total Hours

ESM 206

Sustainable Development and Environment

45

0

45

ESM 207

Wildlife Conservation and Management

30

15

45

ESM 208

Forest Resources Management

30

15

45

ESM 209

Hydrology and Watershed Management

30

15

45

ESC 203

Weather and Climate

30

15

45

ESM 210

Gender, Environment and Development

45

0

45

 

 

 

Year III Semester I

CODE

Course Title

 

LECTURE

PRACTICAL

Total Hours

ESM 301

Natural Resource Economics

30

15

45

ESM 302

Environmental Planning and Management Techniques

45

0

45

ESM 303

Wetlands Ecology and Management

30

15

45

ESC 303

Solid and Hazardous Waste Management

30

15

45

ESM 304

Agro-forestry Systems and Environmental Management

30

15

45

SGL 313

Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing and GIS Applications

30

15

45

Year III Semester II

CODE

Course Title

 

LECTURE

PRACTICAL

Total Hours

ESM 305

Research Methods

30

15

45

ESM 306

Environmental Impact Assessment

30

15

45

ESM 307

Water Quality Monitoring and Pollution Control

30

15

45

ESC 305

Environmental toxicology

30

15

45

BCH 300

Statistics II

30

15

45

 

ESM 315

Industrial Attachment / Internship

-

-

8 Weeks

Year IV Semester I

CODE

Course Title

 

LECTURE

PRACTICAL

Total Hours

ESM 401

Environmental Policy and Law I

45

0

45

ESM 402

Participatory Rural Appraisal Methods

30

15

45

ESM 403

Waste Reduction and Recycling Technology

30

15

45

ESM 404

Environmental Restoration Technology

30

15

45

ESC 403

Industrial Ecology and Cleaner Production

30

15

45

ESM 405

Environmental Auditing and Reporting

30

15

45

ESM 415

Research Project

15

15

30

 
Year IV Semester II

CODE

Course Title

 

LECTURE

PRACTICAL

Total Hours

ESM 406

Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation

30

15

45

ESM 407

Environmental Policy and Law II     

45

0

45

ESM 408

Environmental Projects Planning and Management

30

15

45

ESM 409

Environmental Information Systems

30

15

45

ESM 410

Environmental Disaster Management

30

15

45

ESM 415

Research Project

15

45

60

 

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