Bachelor of Science in Forestry

Forests stabilize stream flow, reducing soil erosion, floods and avalanches and are important in the regulation of air temperature in urban and rural settings. Forests also play a critical role in maintaining a proper carbon dioxide balance in the earth’s atmosphere and are valued for their aesthetic enrichment of our lives and for the widespread opportunities for outdoor recreation they provide. Latest estimates prove that there is a significant reduction in forest cover due to increasing human population and development pressure. In order to overcome the adverse forest situation, skilled manpower is required so that a proper action plan can be made based on research inputs and guiding principles. Thus, courses in forest resources management are of immense importance, from policy and application point of view. TheB.Sc. Forestry programme prepares professionals to work in complex situations where the goals of management must be determined by present society and the actions to reach these goals must be designed for implementation over time horizons of centuries, in order that future societies will have continued enjoyment of socio-economic, cultural, environmental and aesthetic values from forest landscapes.


1.1 Justification
The Society’s consciousness for conservation of forest is growing, , so also will  career opportunities for B.Sc. Forestry graduates. The graduates can take up jobs in various government departments like the Forest Department. They can be employed in Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs)/Inter-Governmental Organizations such as United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP), working in conservation of forests. Corporate bodies involved in timber plantations such as Panpaper mills, Raiply, Timsales, BAT, Mastermind Tobacco, Kenya Power and Lighting Company also need the services of Forestry graduates. The graduates can also take up research work in public sector research institutions like the Kenya Forestry Research Institute (KEFRI), Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI), the International Centre for Research in Agro-forestry (ICRAF), Africa Forest Research Network (AFORNET), Forest Action Network (FAN), Kenya Forest Working Group (KFWG) National Museums of Kenya (NMK)and organizations like the World Wildlife Fund (WWF), Nature Kenya. They can also be employed in Wildlife sanctuaries and National parks. They can also take up teaching jobs in many colleges offering Forestry as a subject. Other career options available to Forestrygraduates are still film making and wildlife journalism. There may also be opportunities in television channels like National Geographic. Further,the graduates can also work in private consulting firms or run their own private consultancy in environmental impact assessment of large environmental projects.

1.2 Programme objectives
a)    To train graduates who are able to plan, manage and develop forest resources for multiple benefits according to ecological and socio-economic demands.
b)    To produce graduate who are able to maintain and improve the quality of the environment through forestry.
c)    To train graduates able to carry out research and extension, and venture into entrepreneurship and self-employment.

2 ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS
The candidate must satisfy the minimum university entry requirements.

2.1 KCSE Candidates
In addition to satisfying the above University requirements, candidates should posses passes at C+ or above in Biology or Biological sciences and a minimum of a C (plain) in Chemistry and in either Mathematics or Geography or Physics/Physical sciences.

Candidates who satisfy the minimum university entry requirements but have a C-  (minus) in Biology or in Biological Sciences shall be eligible for admission after taking and passing bridging courses in these subjects offered by the South Eastern Kenya University or any other institution recognized by Senate.

2.3    Other Candidates
Admission to the degree course may also be granted to the following candidates:
(e)    Holders of KACE or equivalent with minimum 2principalpasses in Biology and Chemistry and at least a subsidiary pass in Mathematics. If Mathematics was not offered at KACE, then it is accepted at Ordinary Level but with a minimum of a credit or above.
(f)    Holders of Diploma in Forestry or related equivalent from a recognized institution with passes at credit or distinction. Candidates with a pass with two years or more relevant working experience.
(g)    Holders of a Higher National Diploma or equivalent in Forestry or Biological Sciences and other related field from a recognized institution.
(h)    Holders of a Degree in Biological Sciences or related fields from a recognized university.

3 TRANSFER OF CREDITS AND EXEMPTIONS
3.1 Credit Transfer
A candidate from a recognized university, or any other equivalent institution recognized by the South Eastern Kenya University senate, wishing to transfer to B.Sc. Forestry programme shall be allowed to transfer credits from his/her University if those credits are deemed relevant and meet the required minimum contact hours. The transfer of credits shall not be more than a third (1/3) of the total prescribed credits and/or course units required for the award of B.Sc. Forestry.

3.2 Exemptions
Senate may exempt students from some courses on recommendation of the School Board provided that:
(e)    Such candidates had taken those courses in a recognized University or equivalent institution and had achieved a pass grade.
(f)    Candidates seeking such exemptions submit a duly completed Senate approved form specifying the courses for which exemption is desired and attach evidence of 3.2 (a) above, showing contents of what was studied.
(g)    Course units recommended for exemption should not exceed 1/3 of the total units in the degree programme.
(h)    A non-refundable course exemption fee as determined by the University be paid with each application for exemption.


4 COURSE STRUCTURE AND DURATION
The programme will be offered under three modules, full time (module I and II) and through Open Distance Education Learning (ODEL) (Module III) for students who cannot attend regular university programme.
8.    Full time
4.5    The teaching period for the degree programme shall extend over a period of not less than four academic years. Each academic year shall consist of two semesters of 15 weeks of teaching and examinations.
4.6    A candidate enrolled for the degree shall satisfactorily complete the programme in a period of not more than twice the minimum period for which he/she was registered for the degree.
4.7    A candidate shall participate and complete course work and practical assignments as prescribed. Admission to the examination at the end of the semester shall be based on satisfactory completion of such requirements.
4.8    Each student shall be required to undertake satisfactory field attachment of eight (8) weeks as stipulated in the Course structure. During the field practice, students are expected to embark on a research project, which they have to complete and present at a seminar during the fourth year of study.

9.    Open Distance Learning
The delivery mode of these programmes will be use of open distance education learning modes involving the use of various media (multi-media modes of learning) and will largely be home based.


EXAMINATION REGULATIONS
The conduct of examinations shall be governed by the following regulations:
5.4    No candidate shall be permitted to take an examination unless he/she has satisfactorily attended two thirds of the prescribed course of study.
5.5    For purposes of these regulations, field practice (Attachment) shall be deemed to be part of the fourth year.
5.6    All examination procedures shall be governed by the following:
(a)     Each course examination shall be graded out of a total of 100%.The pass mark in each course examination shall be 40% and graded as follows:-
70        -    100%         =    A
60        -    69%        =    B
50        -    59%        =    C
40        -    49%        =    D
39% and below            =    FAIL
(b)     Written examination in each course shall be by a 1 x 2 hour paper and shall constitute
70%. The Continuous Assessment Tests (CATs) shall constitute the remaining 30% which
shall be divided as follows: - written CATs /term papers 20% and practical /field trip
reports 10%.
(c) Field Practice/Attachment shall be examined by oral examination and written reports.
The grades shall be used in the degree classification. Evaluation of the students’ performance while in the field shall constitute field assessment 30%, written reports 40% and oral presentations 30%.
(d)     The Research Projects shall be examined through written reports and presentations, and shall be graded to use in the degree classification. The seminars and project proposal shall constitute 30%, the special project report shall constitute 60% and the oral presentation shall constitute 10%.
(i)    A candidate who fails to attain the pass mark in five or six course units taken in any
academic year shall be required to repeat the academic year of study. Candidates who repeat the year shall sit examinations in failed courses only. Candidates shall have the option to repeat the year externally, whereby they sit CATs and final examination in the failed courses without attending classes.
(f)    A candidate whofails to attain the pass mark in seven or more of the course units taken in any year shall on recommendation of the School Board and approval by Senate be discontinued from the degree programme.
(g)    A Candidate who repeats the year externally shall be required to pay examination and   any other fees that the University may deem applicable. A candidate is required to attend classes in the failed courses and shall be required to pay the required tuition fees for the failed course units, examination fees, and any other necessary charges as may be determined by the University.
(h)    A repeating candidate who fails to attain the pass mark in any of the failed courses shall, on recommendation of the School Board and approval by Senate, be discontinued from the degree programme.
(i)    In any year, a candidate who fails to attain the pass mark in four course units or less may on recommendation of the School Board and approval by Senate be allowed to sit supplementary examinations in the failed courses within three months after official release of results.
      (j)  Supplementary examinations shall be marked out of 100% but the pass grade shall be recorded as 40%.
(k)    A candidate who fails to attain the pass mark in a supplementary examination shall on recommendation of the School Board and approval by Senate be allowed to do a second supplementary examination, ONCE ONLY as long as the total of such examinations does not exceed four in number during any one sitting for that particular year.
(l) A candidate who fails a supplementary on a second attempt according to regulation 5.3 (l) shall on recommendation of the School Board and approval by Senate be discontinued from the degree programme.
(m) No candidate shall be allowed to repeat any year of study more than once.
5.4. The degree of B.Sc. Forestry shall be:
(d)    Awarded to candidates who have completed and passed examinations in all courses of study including Field Practice/Attachment.
(e)    Based on the average score of all examinations of courses taken in the entire course duration.
(f)    Classified into First Class Honours, Second Class Honours (Upper or Lower) Division and Pass, provided that in order to qualify for the award of Honours Degree, a candidate shall not have repeated any of the years of study on academic grounds.
5.6    In arriving at the decision as to the degree classification for each candidate, the Faculty Board of Examiners shall have to pay regard to the overall marks obtained by the candidate and shall apply the principle that a mean score of:
70 - 100% - First Class Honours
60 - 69% - Second Class Honours (Upper Division)
50 - 59% - Second Class Honours (Lower Division)
40 - 49% - Pass.

6 STUDY INTERMISSION
A student may intermit studies at any time, for good cause conveyed in writing to the Academic Registrar, and may resume later after duly notifying the Academic Registrar. During the entire period of intermission the student shall be required to keep his/her registration current by paying the prescribed registration charges.

PROGRAMME STRUCTURE

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